Monday, April 11, 2011
Though the population is almost equal to the combined population of the U.S., Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Japan, the past decade (2001-11) witnessed the addition of smaller population than the previous decade's growth. India's population accounts for 17.5 per cent of the world's.
The number of males stood at 623.7 million and females at 586.5 million. The percentage growth in 2001-11 was 17.64 -- males 17.19 and females 18.12.
Among the States and the Union Territories, Uttar Pradesh is the most populous State with 199 million people, followed by Maharashtra with 112 million people. Lakshadweep is the least populated at 64,429 people. The overall sex ratio nationwide has become more even by seven percentage points to 940 against 933 in Census 2001. Sex ratio is defined as the number of females per 1,000 males. Kerala with 1,084 has the highest sex ratio followed by Puducherry with 1,038. With 618, Daman and Diu has the lowest ratio.
The literacy rate has gone up from 64.83 per cent in 2001 to 74.04 per cent, a dramatic increase of 9.21 percentage points in the last decade.